Fundamentals of X Ray Production. Bremsstrahlung. Characteristic Radiation. X Ray Spectrum. X Ray Tubes. Components of the X. Jump to Production - As the filling electron moves down to fill the vacancy, it gives up energy emitted in the form of an x-ray photon. This is known as  ‎THE X-RAY TUBE · ‎Function. FRCR Physics Notes: Equipment (cathode and anode), producing an x-ray beam, characteristic radiation, bremsstrahlung radiation and the.


Author: Hank Quitzon
Country: Turkmenistan
Language: English
Genre: Education
Published: 9 January 2016
Pages: 50
PDF File Size: 41.31 Mb
ePub File Size: 29.78 Mb
ISBN: 904-7-79078-917-3
Downloads: 5213
Price: Free
Uploader: Hank Quitzon


Tungsten is almost unique in its ability to maintain its strength at high temperatures, and it has a high melting point and a relatively low rate of evaporation. For many years, pure tungsten was used as the anode material. In x ray production years an alloy of tungsten and rhenium has been used as the target material but only for the surface of some anodes.

The anode body under the tungsten-rhenium surface on many tubes x ray production manufactured from a material that is relatively light and has good heat storage capability.

Two such materials are molybdenum and graphite. The x ray production of molybdenum as an anode base material should not be confused with its use as an anode surface material.


Most x ray production tubes used for mammography have molybdenum-surface anodes. Some mammography tubes also have a second anode made of rhodium, which has an atomic number of This produces a higher energy x ray production more penetrating radiation, which can be used to image dense breast.

The use of a rhenium-tungsten alloy improves the long-term radiation output of tubes.

X-ray Tube

With x-ray tubes with pure tungsten anodes, radiation output is reduced with usage because of thermal damage to the surface.

CONTENTS Most anodes are shaped as beveled disks and attached to the x ray production of an electric motor that rotates them at relatively high speeds during the x-ray production process. The purpose of anode rotation is to dissipate heat and is considered in detail in another chapter.

The radiation is produced in a very small area on the surface x ray production the anode known as the focal spot. The dimensions of the focal spot are determined by the dimensions of the electron beam arriving from the cathode.


In most x-ray tubes, x ray production focal spot is approximately rectangular. The dimensions of focal spots usually range from 0. X-ray tubes are designed to x ray production specific focal spot sizes; small focal spots produce less blurring and better visibility of detail, and large focal spots have a greater heat-dissipating capacity.

The standing man is viewing his hand with a fluoroscope screen.

The seated man is taking a radiograph of his hand by placing it on a photographic plate. No precautions against radiation exposure are taken; its hazards were not known at the time. Along with his x ray production December Physical-Medical Society submission he sent a letter to physicians he knew around Europe January 1, Through February there were 46 experimenters taking up the technique in North America alone.

This was a result of Pulyui's inclusion of an oblique "target" of micaused for holding samples of fluorescent material, within the x ray production.

X-ray - Wikipedia

In the left a hand deformity, in the right same hand seen x ray production radiography. On February 5, live imaging devices were developed by both Italian scientist Enrico Salvioni his "cryptoscope" and Professor McGie of Princeton University his "Skiascope"both using barium platinocyanide.


In May he developed the first mass-produced live imaging device, his "Vitascope", later called the fluoroscopewhich became the standard for medical X-ray examinations.

Dally had a habit of testing X-ray tubes on x ray production hands, and acquired a cancer in them so tenacious that both arms were amputated in a futile attempt to save his life and x ray production he became the first known death attributed to X-ray exposure.

President William McKinley was shot twice in an assassination attempt.

While one bullet only grazed his x ray productionanother had lodged somewhere deep inside his abdomen and could not be found. A worried McKinley aide sent word to inventor Thomas Edison to rush an X-ray machine to Buffalo to find the stray bullet.

It arrived but was not used. While the shooting itself had not been lethal, gangrene had developed along the path of the bullet, and McKinley died of septic shock due to bacterial infection six x ray production later.