Stage I milk fever often goes unobserved because of its short duration (milk fever can last from 1 to 12 hours. Milk fever. Hypocalcaemia, or milk fever, occurs in cattle, sheep and goats. It is most common in high producing or dairy cross cows and in milking goats. Clinical signs develop when serum calcium levels fall below a critical level (hypocalcaemia). Milk fever is a disorder mainly of dairy cows close to calving. It is a metabolic disease caused by a low blood calcium level (hypocalcaemia).


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Milk Fever (Hypocalcaemia) in Cows

The combined solutions contain additional ingredients such as magnesium, phosphorus and dextrose for energymilk fever in cows may also be at low levels in the blood while cows have milk fever. Packets of solution together with an injection kit are best kept on hand for emergencies. All equipment should be kept sterile to avoid abscess formation at the site of injection.

Injection of the milk fever in cows by farmers should be in several places under the skin on the neck or behind the shoulder, unless the cow is in a coma or there are other reasons for desiring a quick response.

Injection into a vein should be left to a veterinarian as it can cause sudden death if not carried out properly.

Milk Fever in Beef Cows

Veterinary assistance is milk fever in cows advisable if there is not a quick response to treatment, because other problems may also be present.

Cows that are "flat out" should be propped up into a normal resting position to relieve bloat. If weather conditions are bad, or the response to treatment is slow, transfer the cows to shelter to prevent exposure and other complications.

Provide feed and water.

Some cows that have been comatosed may have regurgitated and inhaled rumen content into the lungs. If there is ruminal material around the nose one should be suspicious that this may have happened milk fever in cows intensive antibiotic treatment should be commenced as soon as possible as inhalation pneumonia is often fatal.

Recovered cows milk fever in cows not be milked for 24 hours; then the amount of milk taken should be gradually increased over the next days. Prevention Management of the diet can be a valuable aid preventing milk fever. Cows should be kept on a low calcium diet while they are lactating dry.

This stimulates their calcium regulatory system to keep the blood levels normal by mobilising the body stores of calcium from the bone.


When the demand for calcium increases as calving, calcium milk fever in cows be mobilised much more rapidly from bone than the feed, therefore preventing milk fever. With cows at greater risk - Jersey cows of mature age and in forward to fat condition - green feed should be restricted and plenty of hay fed for at least weeks before calving.

Milk fever

Depending on the milk fever in cows of the condition, you may choose one of the three options available for administering the treatment.

Oral treatment For animals that are still in the early stages of the condition, oral treatment is a viable option. The advantage of this option is that the calcium gets absorbed in the intestines. Furthermore, the unpalatability of these gels will lead to reduced feed intake.

Milk Fever: Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention Measures

On the other hand, milk fever in cows a liquid calcium solution increases the risk of pulmonary aspiration since the solution is very caustic. Since a myriad of other minerals such as magnesium, phosphorus and glucose for energy may be in short supply at the same time, you can use a combined mineral solution that contains these minerals.

Subcutaneous administration You inject calcium solution in the peripheral parts. Since the animal has a low pulse and an inefficient circulation, you should split the dose and administer it in different parts.

This will facilitate a speedy uptake of the milk fever in cows into the system.