This Thesis is brought to you for free and open access by the Thesis/Dissertation Collections at RIT Scholar Works. It has been accepted for. College of Architecture, Planning, and Design. KANSAS Abstract. In this thesis, biomimicry is defined as imitating or taking inspiration from nature's forms. Biomimicry: the answer to environmentally sustainable architecture? A dissertation presented to the Department of Architecture at the University.


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Biomimicry in architecture

A domain exists which makes progress through the imitation and observation of nature. Biomimicry architecture thesis domain, which is called biomimicry, can biomimicry architecture thesis expressed as the imitation of the life system in nature.

Several attempts try to learn from nature that show us it is now possible to optimize the structure of the building, mechanical system and materials used to improve their energy performance ecologically. The following section will present the biomimicry and his contributions in the field that concerns us today.

Overview Biomimicry—Optimization Strategy from Nature The main force related to the way nature can inspire sustainable design.

One source of inspiration comes from the shapes of organisms. The second level of inspiration relates to the manufacturing process that operates in those organisms. At the last level, inspired by the interactions of the species between each other and by the global functioning of natural eco-systems [ 24 ].

One biomimicry architecture thesis the major challenges of using biomimetic strategy today is to biomimicry architecture thesis sustainable technologies.

To imitate nature solution per se, without an intention to implement nature sustainability design principles, is not a guarantee for sustainability. Seeking nature's guidance biomimicry architecture thesis sustainable models and measures is reasonable and has expanded in recent years.

Biological processes operate within restricted living constraints without creating waste; in contrast they enrich and sustain the ecosystems. Nature forms and structures biomimicry architecture thesis a wide range of properties with the minimal use of material or energy and nature systems demonstrate efficient flow of energy biomimicry architecture thesis material.

Not only nature solutions are distant from technology, but they are also based on a different paradigm [ 26 ]. While in technology usually energy and materials are being used to solve problems, in biology solutions are based on information and structures [ 26 ], Figure 2.

Further more, biology system usually follows the principle of multifunctional design. Each component has several functions, offering an elegant and cost effective design.

Biomimicry in architecture

Technological systems not always follow this principle; in many cases each component has one or only few functions. To explore biomimetic strategies, which challenge this position, we use technology to aid designs, which are inspired and work with nature rather than being controlled by technology.

Biomimicry has much to contribute especially during the concept generation stage with well understanding of performance optimization in nature. An appropriate sustainability tool for the concept design stage maybe derived from the nature itself, where nature sustainability design principles are identified and gathered as a tool such as database.

Biomimetic Problem-Solving Design Strategies: Biomimicry architecture thesis between Nature and Architecture If we biomimicry architecture thesis at all design solutions based from nature and compare with problem-solving contradiction in architectural design, one can find many commonalities between the two domains.

Biomimicry by SAHIL VIRMANI - Issuu

For examples, the main purposes for windows are to allow light in and to let you see out and this often comes at biomimicry architecture thesis expense of their ability to prevent heat transfer. The contradiction is what if the building requires more light inside and at the same time the building must be able to control heat gain, how can we solve this contradiction within the same design concept?

Once we look at the perfect solution in nature, in general we biomimicry architecture thesis that plants have many techniques for light harvesting, but biomimicry architecture thesis about one that can also control heat gain.

One such example is Fenestraria aurantiaca also known as window plant [ 28 ].

"Biomimicry: Architecture that Imitates Nature’s Functions, Forms and P" by Kostika Spaho

Window plants have a similar working principle to fiber optics, it can be found in the deserts of South Africa, they are nearly buried in biomimicry architecture thesis sand [ 29 ]. The tip of every leaf is transparent: Light enters here and can travel down the leaf [ 29 ].

The plant shown in Figure 3 a has only a small part of it exposed to the light. Fenestraria aurantiaca biomimicry architecture thesis specialized adaptations to deal with heat, light and aridity.