Taqi al-Din Ahmad Ibn Taymiyya (also Taymiyah or Taymiyyah) was born articles treating Ibn Taymiyya's biography, theology, hermeneutics. Short Biography of Imam Ahmad Ibn Taymiyyah. Anonymous. category: History & Biographies. source: reads: Ibn Taymiyyah, in full Taqī al-Dīn Abū al-ʿAbbās Aḥmad ibn ʿAbd al-Salām ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Muḥammad ibn Taymiyyah, (born , Harran.


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Laoustthe seminal modern study on Ibn Taymiyya, is encyclopedic and remains the most extensive introduction to the man and his influence.

Makari surveys much the same ground in much shorter compass. However, both Laoust and Makari should be read with caution in light of later research. While not a synthetic overview, the edited volume Rapoport and Ahmed provides reasonably comprehensive treatment of Ibn Taymiyya through a series of specialized studies on his life, thought, and legacy, and the introduction helpfully draws together recurrent biographie ibn taymiyyah.

The Hanbali school was seen as the most biographie ibn taymiyyah school out of the four legal systems HanafiMaliki and Shafii because it was "suspicious of the Hellenist disciplines of philosophy and speculative theology.

Ibn Taymiyyah - New World Encyclopedia

It is reported that none of the scholars said anything to the Khan except Ibn Taymiyyah who said: You claim that you are Muslim and you biographie ibn taymiyyah with you Mu'adhdhinsMuftisImams and Shaykhs but you invaded us and reached our country for what?

While your father and your grandfather, Hulagu were non-believers, they did not attack and they kept their promise. But you promised and broke your promise. Second Mongol invasion[ edit ] The second invasion lasted between Biographie ibn taymiyyah and January He did much to revive the popularity of the Hanbali legal school.

He is cited with approval by Islamist Muslims.

Ibn Taymiyya - Islamic Studies - Oxford Bibliographies

His belief that Muslims who did not live under the Sharia lived in ignorance jahilia was taken up by such twentieth century thinkers as Sayyid Qutb and Sayyid Abul A'la Maududi. Because of the Mongol invasion, Ibn Taymiya's family moved to Damascus inwhich was then ruled by the Mamluks of Egypt.

It was here that his father delivered sermons from the pulpit of the Umayyad Mosque, and Ibn Taymiya followed in biographie ibn taymiyyah footsteps by studying with the great scholars of his biographie ibn taymiyyah, among them a woman scholar by the name Zaynab bint Makki, from whom he learned hadith.

Ibn Taymiya was an industrious student and acquainted himself with the secular and religious sciences of his time.


Biographie ibn taymiyyah devoted special attention to Arabic literature and gained mastery over grammar and lexicography in addition to studying mathematics and calligraphy. As for the religions sciences, he studied jurisprudence from his father and became a representative of the Hanbali school of law.


Though he remained faithful throughout his life to that school, whose doctrines he had decisively mastered, he also acquired an extensive knowledge biographie ibn taymiyyah the Islamic disciplines of the Qur'an and the Hadith.

He also studied dogmatic theology kalamphilosophy, and Sufismwhich he later heavily critiqued. Inhe was appointed professor of Hanbali jurisprudence, also preaching in the Grand Mosque. He started to denounce both Sufis and the Mongols, whose Islam biographie ibn taymiyyah did not accept as genuine.

The Biographie ibn taymiyyah preference for their own Yasa code over the Sharia meant that they lived in ignorance jahilia and it was a Muslim's duty to wage a jihad of the sword against them. Ibn Taymiyyah was born in Mesopotamia.

Educated in Damascus, where he had been taken in as a refugee from the Mongol invasion, he biographie ibn taymiyyah steeped himself in the teachings of the Pietist school.


Though he remained faithful biographie ibn taymiyyah his life to that school, of whose doctrines he had an unrivalled mastery, he also acquired an extensive knowledge of contemporary Islamic sources and disciplines: His life was marked by persecutions.